Your institution’s lecturers have a vast amount of great online content at their fingertips, but most of it isn’t equally accessible to all students, which is frustrating for those who are excluded. We have provided details of five ways to make videos more accessible.
1. Closed Captions
Closed captions allow students who are deaf or hard of hearing to have full access to video content. Captioning is the process of displaying timed text on a video to represent its sound track. Closed captions are the most common form of captioning and give viewers the option of turning them on or off while watching a program.
We can caption video material owned by your university, for example lecture recordings or videos of university graduation ceremonies and conferences.
We are also able to provide closed captions for online third party video material without breaching copyright regulations by hosting private and/or password-protected captioned versions ourselves.
2. Open Captions
Open captions, also known as burned-in, baked-on or hard-coded captions, are seen by anyone who watches the video. Open captions are a permanent feature on a video and can’t be turned on and off. Open captions are often used for videos which are being played on website video players that don’t have closed captions functionality.
A transcript is a written record of the speech that takes place in an audio or video recording. There are different types of transcription, such as verbatim transcripts and content accurate transcripts. A verbatim transcript is a written record of every single word that is said, whereas a content accurate transcript doesn’t capture every single word but rather every word that matters. Verbatim transcripts are useful for recordings of research interviews, whereas content accurate transcripts are more suitable for podcasts or recordings of presentations.
4. Media Alternative Transcripts
A media alternative transcript is a transcript that also includes descriptions of what is displayed visually in the video in addition to the speech. It allows students who are blind or have vision loss to have full access to video content via the use of a screen reader.
5. Audio Description
Audio description is the auditory narration of the visual elements of a video not represented in the original audio track for the benefit for someone who is blind or has low vision. A voice-over describes key visual elements such as gestures, actions and other visual information, including the scene, speaker names, titles and other on-screen text. AD can be provided in standard or extended format, and the differences between the two are explained further here.